By: Marcus J. Hopkins, Blogger
Two weeks ago, police in East Liverpool, Ohio, made global news after posting an arrest scene photo of a four-year-old child in his car seat, while with his grandmother and her boyfriend sat in the front seats, overdosed on heroin. The image has served as both a poignant reminder of the often overlooked consequences of opioid and heroin addiction and as a point of controversy for addiction and child advocates.
The East Liverpool police posted the photo in an effort to bring attention to the havoc that opioid and heroin abuse wreaks on not only the user, but on the lives of the people around them. Both overdose victims received doses of naloxone – a fast acting drug that reverses the effects of opioid drugs – at the scene, an act which very like saved their lives. The driver, James Acord (47), was sentenced to 360 days in jail after pleading ‘No Contest’ to charges of child endangerment and operating a vehicle under the influence. the boy’s grandmother, Rhonda Pesak (50), who was awarded custody of the child on July 25, 2016, was sentenced to 180 days in jail after withdrawing her initial ‘Not Guilty’ plea to a charge of child endangerment, and reentering a plea of ‘No Contest.’
The child has since been relocated to live with his great aunt and uncle in South Carolina. His mother initially lost custody of him in December 2012 – four-and-a-half months before he was birth – as a result of her addiction to crack. Custody had initially been awarded to his great grandparents, and custody battles for the boy have involved his birth parents, a grandmother, two great aunts, and a friend, spanning four different states. Essentially, this boy’s life has been negatively impacted by drug addictions of some sort since before he was born.
Addiction advocates have criticized the East Liverpool police for “shaming” people who use drugs; child advocates have criticized the city for failing to obscure the identity of the child, which was done after the images were posted by news agencies. East Liverpool Service-Safety Director, Brian Allen, responded with the following statement:
“If we hadn’t, Rhonda Pasek would have received a slap on the wrist and that little boy would have gone back to her – that’s not going to happen now. I doubt she will see that child again (Gould & Graham, 2016).”
In the five days that followed the posting of the photograph, East Liverpool, a city of only 11,000 people, saw seven more overdoses and one death from heroin. But, this is just a small vignette of a much larger portrait. On Friday, September 09, Ohio authorities reported at least 21 overdoses in a single day in Akron, OH, bringing the total number of overdose deaths, this year, to 112 in the city. At least 24 people were hospitalized for overdoses, last month, while attending a music festival in the state (Karimi, 2016). In July, along, Akron police reported more than 90 overdoses and eight deaths (Las Vegas Review-Journal, 2016).
Ohio’s recently enacted Good Samaritan law offers immunity from prosecution to people trying to get help for someone overdosing on drugs or overdose victims, themselves, who seek assistance. The law, which went into effect, this month, covers people calling 911, contacting a police officer, or taking an overdose victim to a medical facility for up to two times; upon the third time, they would become subject to prosecution. This law, sign by current Ohio Governor, John Kasich, was passed in an effort to provide those offering assistance to overdose victims some measure of protection in the face of Ohio’s clear opioid and heroin abuse epidemic.
HEAL Blog will continue covering the epidemic in the coming weeks with more information and updates as they become available.
Disclaimer: HEAL Blogs do not necessarily reflect the views of the Community Access National Network (CANN), but rather they provide a neutral platform whereby the author serves to promote open, honest discussion about Hepatitis-related issues and updates. Please note that the content of some of the HEAL Blogs might be graphic due to the nature of the issues being addressed in it.
- Gould, M. & Graham, R. (2016, September 15). Judge sentences grandmother in viral heroin overdose photo to 190 days in jail during Ohio court appearance. Daily Mail (dot) Com. Retrieved from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3791583/Judge-sentences-woman-slumped-car-overdose.html
- Karimi, F. (2016, September 12). Dozens of heroin overdoses reported in Ohio as state battles epidemic. Atlanta, GA: CNN: Health. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2016/09/11/health/akron-ohio-overdose-deaths/
- Las Vegas Review-Journal. (2016, September 12). Heroin overdose death in Ohio skyrocket. Las Vegas, NV: Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.reviewjournal.com/news/nation-and-world/heroin-overdose-deaths-ohio-skyrocket