Cherokee Nation Hospital Faces Questions About HIV, Hepatitis C Exposure

HEAL Blog is the recipient of the ADAP Advocacy Association’s 2015-2016 ADAP Social Media Campaign of the Year Award
By: Marcus J. Hopkins, Blogger

The Cherokee Nation in Tahlequah, Oklahoma is once again in the news, though now, for much less laudatory reasons. John Baker, the son of Principal Chief Bill John Baker, resigned from the tribe’s employ on May 1st, 2018, due to actions he took while performing his duty as a nurse at W.W. Hastings Hospital. During his time as a nurse, Baker used the same vial of medication and the same syringe to inject more than one IV bag (though no patients ever had direct contact with the needle).

If this sounds like an egregious breach of protocol, that’s because it is. Tribal councilman David Walkingstick stated in an interview:

“I hope that this was accidental, but Nursing 101, this is common sense. The other side of it is, was it intentional?  Was he out to harm people?  Or was he out to get the extra medicine?” (Newcomb, 2018)

As a result of his “lapse in protocol,” 186 people were possibly exposed to HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV). As of the June 18th, 2018 article detailing this exposure, 118 were tested, with no resultant infections being discovered (News On 6, 2018).

Cherokee Nation Medical Facility

Photo Source: KOTV News On 6

This incident comes on the heels of several positive evaluations of the Cherokee Nation’s efforts to combat the spread of HIV and HCV within the tribe’s borders, which we have covered twice within the past year. Despite these strides, the actions of Baker have sparked fears amongst its members. Native American tribes have, for several centuries, been the victims of various crimes committed against them by governmental and medical authorities, which has fostered a culture of distrust of medical providers within the members. How can tribe members be expected to trust going to W.W. Hastings Hospital if these kinds of “lapse[s] of protocol” – ones that are some of the very basic universal precautions taught to nursing students – are allowed to occur?

The Cherokee Nation has established a panel to investigate what happened, and more importantly, what happens next. If past exposure incidents serve as any indication, Baker may face any number of charges, many of which could be increased if any of the identified patients test positive for HIV or HCV. That said, because the Cherokee Nation has sovereignty – a Federally-recognized status recognized by treaty and law – there is a question concerning whether or not he will face state or Federal charges.

HEAL Blog will continue to monitor this issue and report as the story develops.



Disclaimer: HEAL Blogs do not necessarily reflect the views of the Community Access National Network (CANN), but rather they provide a neutral platform whereby the author serves to promote open, honest discussion about Hepatitis-related issues and updates. Please note that the content of some of the HEAL Blogs might be graphic due to the nature of the issues being addressed in it.


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