Tag Archives: AIDS

Prescribing Data Paints a Sobering Picture

By: Marcus J. Hopkins

Whenever I speak to colleagues in the medical profession about my work with Hepatitis C (HCV) and coverage data, I inevitably begin citing some of the grim statistics related to the disease: recent spikes in new HCV diagnoses indicate that poorer people between the ages of 13-35 are the new face of the disease; the most effective drugs to treat the virus cost more for twelve weeks of treatment than most Americans make in a single year; that opioid prescription drug and heroin abusers are likelier than virtually any other population to contract HCV; how the disease is largely un- or under-reported, because states lack the funds to adequately monitor and track the disease.

Bar Chart

Photo Source: kngac.ac.in

That I am familiar with the topic and can speak with some authority on the matter is clear, but what I am consistently asked by physicians, specifically, is why I believe we should make testing compulsory for those who are not Baby Boomers, the conventional wisdom being that this population, because they are likelier to have received blood transfusions prior to 1990, are high on the list o potential candidates for HCV. As I try to explain that, the new face of the disease is quickly becoming Injection Drug Users (IDUs) who are younger, whiter, and poorer, I find myself met with consternation. How can I possibly think that compulsory – and potentially costly – blanket screening would produce a net positive result?

My experience comes from having lived during and through the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s and 90s. As a kid and teenager growing up during the age of Comprehensive Sex Education, the constant mantra was “Get tested, get tested, get tested.” The campaign knew that teenagers and young adults were going to have sex with one another, and getting tested was one of the best ways to prevent the spread of HIV; by knowing your status, you could protect yourself and others with whom you might come in contact. These messages were blasted all over the media, in schools, in health classes, in science classes, on television shows, on the radio, in popular music – and, for the most part, this tactic was effective. New infections have largely plateaued over the past twenty years, or so, at roughly 50k annually in the U.S. That these types of marketing and policies directed toward HCV could produce similar results is, to me, a no-brainer.

Despite our differences on testing policies, a constant refrain I hear, especially from Appalachian physicians, is one detailing the woes of opioid drug abuse. “We see more people in the ER for drug abuse-related issues, than for virtually any other reason,” a nighttime ER nurse relayed to me, while collecting a throat culture to check for flu. “How these people get ahold of so many pills is beyond me!”

I hear that, a lot – doctors and nurses who seem simply flummoxed as to how patients come by these prescription drugs, considering the high number of opioid pain relievers prescribed in WV (137.6 for every 100 West Virginians) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). I’m told stories about how boring and pointless are the mandatory opioid educational courses, when they’re not a part of the problem; why should they have to take them, and waste their time on something that’s not really in their wheelhouse?

This might be the biggest disconnect that I encounter – how the behaviors of medical personal and prescribing physicians as they relate to opioid prescription drugs may be driving the increase in new drug abuse-related HCV infections. When a healthcare professional focuses only on the behaviors of patients, without acknowledging that their own role in providing their patients with access to these highly addictive drugs, it is a reminder of just how vital, and yet seemingly unheeded, those mandatory opioid education courses are. Their tacit assertion that common drug dealers, and not themselves, are the crux of the problem demonstrates how badly they need those courses.

Given the high correlative relationship between prescription drug abuse (and its potential, and perhaps eventual, path to heroin) and HCV infections, one might be led to think that the best place to stem the problem would be with the providers of the vice. Of course, a one-solution course of action will never be enough to effectively, or even adequately, combat the problem; multiple angles must be attacked in order to win the war against HCV, and unless we put forth adequate funding, staffing, and physical resources to fight these battles, we will likely fail to win the war.


Disclaimer: HEAL Blogs do not necessarily reflect the views of the Community Access National Network (CANN), but rather they provide a neutral platform whereby the author serves to promote open, honest discussion about Hepatitis-related issues and updates. Please note that the content of some of the HEAL Blogs might be graphic due to the nature of the issues being addressed in it.


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A Conversation About Hypersensitivity

By: Marcus J. Hopkins, Blogger

I was recently pointed to an article about HIV that laid out a quick primer for uninfected people on how to speak to people living with HIV. The author lays out some simple, easy-to-follow guidelines, such as “Don’t Ask – Have you learned your lesson?” and “Do Ask – How are you handling it?” This well-meaning guide helps [ostensibly straight], young, hip people to ask culturally sensitive, yet emotionally supportive questions about HIV that focus on the person, rather than the disease.

As someone who grew up during the initial AIDS epidemic (rather than the one currently developing amongst young MSM populations 16-35), I was amazed at how each of the purportedly thoughtful “Do Ask” questions comes across not only as someone taking an interest in how the HIV-Positive person is coping, but also as someone who greatly pities the person on the receiving end of these questions. Questions that are designed to be “understanding” and “empathetic” more often come across as making the other person feel “pathetic.” Moreover, if I were on the receiving end of some of these questions, I would find myself wanting to bludgeon the person asking me, because it would be very clear that they aren’t asking a question for which they want any real answer.

“How are you protecting yourself from transmitting?” This is a “Do Ask” question, rather than “Is your boyfriend HIV-Positive, as well?” What the hell? How are my preventive measures the business of anyone other than my sex partners? If anything, the proposed question is more invasive of privacy than the initial query about the boyfriend.

These questions follow a recent trend of “delicate treading” that has infected the world of HIV education, largely in response to this younger generation’s seeming inability to handle direct confrontation in any sort of adult manner. Questions can never be directly posed about sensitive subjects out of fear that the person being asked will crumble into a pile of weeping ashes. In fact, this kind of mollycoddling is specifically spoken against by Health Communication professionals and educators, in no small part because it makes the person on the receiving feel as if they’re children, and belittles their intelligence.


Photo Source: About.com (Health)

HIV stigmata have not eroded over time thanks to delicately tiptoeing around uncomfortable questions; it has been eroded away by people who are frank, honest, and unafraid to answer tough, probing questions, and who are unafraid to be open about their HIV status regardless of what others think. This is the same of stigmata associated with all chronic illnesses, including HCV.

We do a disservice to the educational efforts of advocates and professionals when we attempt to “correct” lines of questioning from people who are not living with a disease. It is, in fact, the least socially acceptable question that winds up providing the greatest opportunities for education, because answering those types of questions helps to correct misperceptions and leaves the questioner with food for actual thought. It is high time that we stop trying to plant socially appropriate questions into interested audiences, and start getting real about answering questions that make us uncomfortable; the opportunities can only serve to further understanding and acceptance, as well as provide those of us who aren’t crying from hypersensitivity the chance to grow.


Disclaimer: HEAL Blogs do not necessarily reflect the views of the Community Access National Network (CANN), but rather they provide a neutral platform whereby the author serves to promote open, honest discussion about Hepatitis-related issues and updates. Please note that the content of some of the HEAL Blogs might be graphic due to the nature of the issues being addressed in it.

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